Other Uses of Music

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These uses can be long-standing or recent. One example of a long-standing use is music piped into public spaces such as retail stores. It is associated with Muzak Holdings LCC, a company formed as long ago as 1934. It refers to the music it produces as business music. See Wikipedia for a history of the Muzak company.[1] It ran into financial troubles in recent years and announced in April 2007 that it would be merging with DMX Music,[2] a subscription service that provides generic, sanitised music via digital cable, satellite and local-premise technology. The development of piped music has clearly entered the digital era, forced upon traditional providers by the advent of alternative technologies in the 1990s providing business owners with more options.

Two recent fields are the video games industry, formally known as interactive entertainment, and the market for telephone ringtones. The Australian digital games industry is described in the government culture and recreation portal.[3] The growth in the ringtones market is described in many places, for instance in a note by Caslon Analytics.[4] See also Wikipedia on ringtones.[5]

There are other new products and applications, and offers to contribute are invited.


  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muzak
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DMX_Music
  3. http://www.cultureandrecreation.gov.au/articles/digitalgames/
  4. http://www.caslon.com.au/ringtonesnote.htm
  5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ringtones


Hans Hoegh-Guldberg. Last updated 20 April 2007.

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